Installing Visual Studio Code
If you haven’t already, you can download and install Visual Studio Code from the official website (https://code.visualstudio.com/). It’s available for Windows, macOS, and Linux.
This will open Visual Studio Code in the current folder.
- Click on the “File” menu.
- Select “New File.”
- Save the file with a
.jsextension, for example,
Using the Integrated Terminal
- Open the integrated terminal by clicking on “View” > “Terminal” or by using the keyboard shortcut
cdcommand, for example:bashCopy code
app.js file, and you’ll see the output in the terminal.
Using External Terminals
Visual Studio Code uses a
launch.json file to configure the debugging settings for your project. You can create this file manually or use the built-in configuration wizard. To create a
- Click on the “Run and Debug” icon in the sidebar.
- Click on the gear icon to create a
- Select “Node.js” as the environment.
You can customize the configuration to match your project’s needs, such as specifying the entry file and other options.
package.json file for your project, run the following command in your project folder:
Follow the prompts to create the
package.json file. You can then use
Managing Packages with package.json
package.json file lists all the project dependencies and their versions. You can manually add dependencies to this file or use the
npm install command with the
--save flag to add and save them automatically:
npm install package-name --save
This ensures that your project can easily be replicated with all its dependencies by simply running
npm install on another machine.
Version Control with Git
Version control is crucial for tracking changes in your code and collaborating with others. Visual Studio Code has built-in Git integration. Here’s how to get started:
Initializing a Git Repository
To initialize a Git repository in your project folder, open the integrated terminal and run:
This sets up a new Git repository for your project.
After making changes to your code, you can stage and commit those changes using Git. Here are the basic Git commands:
git add .: Stage all changes.
git commit -m "Commit message": Commit staged changes with a message.
Working with Branches
Git allows you to work on different branches of your code. You can create a new branch using:
git checkout -b new-branch-name
You can then switch between branches using
git checkout branch-name and merge branches when your changes are ready to be integrated.
- Prettier: For code formatting.
- Live Server: For running a live development server.
You can explore and install extensions that best suit your development needs from the VS Code Extensions Marketplace.
Task Automation with Gulp or Grunt